STOP CASSINI Newsletter #145 -- June 27th, 1999

Copyright (c) 1999

STOP CASSINI Newsletters Index

To: Subscribers, Press, Government Officials

Subject: Six ways to commit genocide: STOP CASSINI #145

Date: June 27th, 1999

Time Frame: Cassini should be redirected to safely impact the moon immediately!

Today's Subjects:

(1) IF Cassini crashes into earth, WHERE would it crash?

----- INCOMING EMAIL -----

At 12:46 PM 6/27/99 +0200, Daniel de W. you wrote:

Dear Mr. Hoffman,

IF the Cassini crashes into earth on August 18th 1999, WHERE would it crash?

Daniel de W


----- MY RESPONSE -----


Thanks for your email.

The point of closest approach will be a spot just south of the equator and west of 0 degrees Longitude; in other words, very near Africa. It will be about 3:30 am local time on August 18th, 1999 (August 17th in the U. S.) and the probe will be approaching from over the Atlantic ocean, so if it veers off course towards Earth by a little bit, it could end up reentering directly over Africa, and if it veers off a little bit more, it would be over the Atlantic Ocean. The reason the closest approach will be near Africa is because that way, if anything goes wrong, and Cassini veers off course a little and descends over a populated area, chances are good that it will be a powerless nation which most Americans don't care about. This is by design; NASA could make small adjustments in Cassini's speed now, which would affect the moment of the flyby such that Cassini could be over some other area (but still just south of the equator). But being closest to Africa is just fine with NASA.

If it ends up North of the projected point of closest approach it would be over Africa, and if South, over the ocean. However, the plume of radioactive fallout would drift for hundreds or even thousands of miles. That is by design -- in a reentry accident they have designed the containment system NOT to prevent any release, but simply so that it will release some or all of the 72.3 pounds of radioactive poison at high altitude. That way it will be impossible to point to any one person and prove that their cancer, leukemia, or birth defect was due to Cassini's plutonium.

Even if millions die, it will be utterly impossible to prove it, thanks to NASA's careful design of the Radioactive Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs), and the General Purpose Heat Sources (GPHSs) within them, and the Graphite Impact Shells (GISs) within the GPHSs. That design is NOT good enough to prevent a massive release, but it is fairly likely to cause that release to occur at high altitude. Note that the RHUs (Radioactive Heater Units), of which there are about 130 each with a whopping 2.7 grams of plutonium 238 dioxide (mostly, and some Pu 239) are FULLY EXPECTED by NASA to be released in a reentry accident! (NASA's expression, buried deep in their documentation, is that the RHUs have a "conditional probability of 1.0" of releasing their plutonium.) Naturally, NASA never mentions the 100% certainty of the RHUs to release their plutonium in any of their media presentations. But they will, and like the RTGs they will do so at high altitude, of course -- that way, NASA won't have to accept responsibility for the deaths and suffering they cause.

Note that 2.7 grams of Plutonium 238 is enough to kill millions of people if divided out and distributed directly into their lungs. (Cassini's total plutonium payload, about 23,000 grams, contains hundreds of billions of potentially lethal doses of plutonium.) Diluting the plutonium throughout Mother Earth just spreads the deaths around. Sure, it also means that not all the millions of lethal doses of plutonium in each RHU and the billions in each RTG will each reach a human lung, but it does nothing to prevent it and in fact, makes it possible!

The technology stinks and NASA should be stopped from using more than, say, .001 Curies of radioactive material on ANY flight (Cassini has over 400,000 Curies of plutonium).

The U. S. military must be similarly stopped from their crime of using RTGs to power spy satellites in Earth orbit. Those satellites are far slower than Cassini is traveling, and so the containment system is somewhat more effective in a reentry accident, but there is no accidental reentry where NASA or the U. S. military can be 100% certain there will not be a significant release. And if the excuse of a dire scientific need to learn about Saturn is good enough (it isn't, because solar options would have worked instead, perhaps in two slightly smaller missions, to get the same science return), there is no such excuse for the military use of RTGs.

This is the Cold War, still in action, although we have been told by the media and the power-brokers in Washington that it is over. Sure it's over. All over but the lies and the environmental assaults, which continue as if nothing had ended. American civilians, and all civilians around the world, are under attack from the United States military, the Russian military, and the close-knit space organizations they each have in their back pockets.

Thanks for writing!

Russell Hoffman

Here is a NASA web page giving details about the upcoming Cassini approach to Earth:

Here is an article by Dr. Horst Poehler about the Cassini containment system, written prior to the launch:

----- END OF MY RESPONSE -----

(2) Six different ways Cassini can reenter Earth's atmosphere:

Here are 6 things that could cause Cassini to reenter Earth's atmosphere. The author believes they are in order of likelihood, from most likely to least likely, but frankly, neither he nor anyone else has any way of knowing what will happen, and it is a game of Russian Roulette being played by people who claim to be patriotic Americans. But patriotic Americans do not play Russian Roulette, especially with OTHER PEOPLE'S LIVES!

1) Incorrect command sequences might be sent to the probe during the three upcoming "unbiasing" maneuvers which redirect the probe closer and closer towards Earth. The author believes this to be the #1 danger -- human error, as exhibited earlier this month when NASA failed to maneuver the International Space Station to avoid some orbiting space debris. They entered numbers which the on-board computers would not accept, and were unable to reenter valid numbers due to a multitude of cascading failures.

2) Other incorrect command sequences or calculation errors might show up at any time to cause the probe to misbehave. Nobody is perfect and no committee or Quality Assurance personnel are perfectly able to make up for the first person's mistakes. No computer memory bank is guaranteed to be perfect, nor is any software program. Earlier this year, an incorrectly preprogrammed third stage firing command sequence failure caused a costly military spy satellite launch failure, leaving the bird in a useless orbit. WIRE, yet another lost satellite, failed because of preprogrammed errors that were activated only when the on-board telescope was activated for the first time in outer space. The loss of WIRE is sad but not tragic (though the participants mistakenly used the term). If WIRE eventually crosses Earth's path and reenters our atmosphere to be vaporized into our ecosystem, it will not be a genocidal act. But a Cassini reentry would be.

3) Mechanical failures might cause something on the probe to outgas a substance, which pushes the probe off course. If the substance is the fuel which would have been used to control Cassini's direction, or if the failure causes other failures such that we either cannot communicate with the probe or cannot control it, then it would not be possible to correct the problem. Several recent rocket failures have been determined to have been caused by mechanical failures such as frayed wiring.

4) A collision with interplanetary space debris could cause an inability to control the space craft, and either knock it off the current path, or the debris might cause a pressurized fuel tank or some other system to explode or outgas, which would act like a thruster to push the probe towards Earth. It is believed that many satellites have failed over the years due to space debris collisions. Some of these failures have been explosive. It is unknown exactly how much debris is out there and where exactly it is. Because of the tremendous speeds the debris and the probe are traveling at, collisions with even a pinhead-sized piece (roughly the size of the working portion of a NASA scientist's brain) can destroy Cassini.

5) Terrorism is undoubtedly possible, though why any terrorist would want to cause random cancers, leukemias and birth defects around the world is beyond my comprehension (but then, isn't that what they always do?). Would it give NASA a black eye? No! It wouldn't work -- if Cassini reenters Earth's atmosphere, NASA is going to pretend nothing terribly bad has happened, so terrorism would be quite useless. Only if one of the RTGs, which are supposed to break away from the probe at high altitude, instead gets "hung up" in the probe and descends, streaming its plume of radioactive poison all the way to Earth, will NASA have a publicity problem on its hands. They are fully prepared to handled whatever bad publicity comes from a high-altitude release of Cassini's plutonium. They will say "only" about 120 people scattered around the world will die, but they will not be able to prove it. (Nor will we be able to prove they are wrong.)

6) The probe can go dead for any number of reasons and we would lose contact with it. If this happens there is no way to know where it is or what it is doing. Thus, it could miss Earth this first time, on August 18th, 1999, but it would remain in an orbit which would tend to remain in the vicinity of our own Earth's orbit (according to NASA's own documents (1995 EIS for the Cassini mission, page B-4)). The paths could cross at any time in the next millennium (or longer).

-- rdh

(3) Waiting to have children:

----- INCOMING EMAIL FROM "Psalm 25:15" -----

From: "Psalm 25:15"
To: (
Date: Sat, 26 June 1999 19:29:20 -0700


I came across your web site at the Millennium Group web site.

----- END OF INCOMING EMAIL FROM "Psalm 25:15" -----

----- MY RESPONSE -----


Thanks for subscribing to the (free, electronic) STOP CASSINI newsletter.

We believe our newsletter provides our readers with some of the most important and cutting-edge news available in the world. Our lead-time on topics that eventually (if only briefly and incompletely) reach national and international importance is often 6 months or more. Cases in point include our in-depth reports on Cassini (the main topic, of course), Depleted Uranium (we first reported on it in 1997) And now, we have just learned that the EMP (Electromagnetic Pulse) which we started warning people about in numerous essays starting several months ago, was the subject of a Congressional Hearing on June 1st, 1999. Based on the article in tomorrow's SPACE NEWS (page 17) our comments were substantially backed up by the professionals who spoke. (But alas, the Hearings apparently didn't follow through the logic all the way to its full and horrific conclusions, but at least they appear to have established the technological realities of the situation.)

We're not surprised to be refuted, of course. The many points we made about the dangers from this "peculiar" effect of nuclear explosions is something America has ignored for too long.

We don't claim to be the first to worry about Nukes and Y2K, but we are certainly among the early ones and consider that to be one of the most important topics anyone can think about right now.

A friend of mine, when I asked if he was going to start a family with his new bride, said that he wanted to wait. Why, I asked? Because of his worries about the Y2K problems, he replied. "It's like someone is driving the world to disaster" he said. Note that this person is a professional engineer at a large high-tech company which designs leading-edge color laser printers. He has a brilliant technical mind and can envision complex structures in three dimensions (+ time) then design them on computers and arrange for them to be built out of the proper materials. He is not some kook, he's a United States Navy veteran (fighter aircraft mechanic) and a cool guy and good friend.

That scares me. The way the world press ignores the nuclear demon scares me. The fact that reasonable-thinking average Americans are too scared to want to have children scares me.

So thanks for subscribing; maybe together we can do something to make the world a safer and better place.


Russell D. Hoffman

----- END OF MY RESPONSE -----

From the Millennium Group web site:

"The Millennium Group is organized to create an unbiased outlet for scientific research and critical thinking."

(4) Eyes Wide Open: Web statistics for the STOP CASSINI web site and related pages:

Here is a recent, typical weekly status report for the STOP CASSINI web site. The totals shown below are for all of the web site. Next are selected "high hit rate" Cassini web pages and their numbers. Alas, that they are not 1000 times more popular! But bad news is hard to take, and we have it in abundance. So when you tell others about our web site, tell them it's hell-bent-for-leather comedy with a social conscience and a patriotic tinge. If that doesn't appeal to them, tell them it's an education. Or that it's a hip, happening thing (I believe the current vernacular would be to say it's "the bomb". How appropriate!). It's just a few facts we all ought to know. My message is an honest warning that comes from my heart, and is backed by careful research and numerous conversations with respected scientists. I believe it is my patriotic duty to God and Country to shout out what I know. All I ask is that you pass this warning on to others, so that they might not go blindly to their fate, but can decide for themselves in a democratic fashion, if nuclear death is what they want for them and for their children.


World-Wide Web Access Statistics for

Totals for Summary Period: Jun 20 1999 to Jun 26 1999
Files Transmitted During Summary Period 42,579
Bytes Transmitted During Summary Period 306,398,393
Average Files Transmitted Daily 6,083
Average Bytes Transmitted Daily 43,771,199

Total Transfers by Client Domain
%Reqs %Byte Bytes Sent Requests Domain

0.06 0.12 356,857 25 | /cassini/anderson.htm
0.06 0.13 399,346 27 | /cassini/caslinks.htm
0.91 2.95 9,034,320 386 | /cassini/cassini.htm
0.08 0.48 1,481,848 36 | /cassini/hp9708ps.htm
1.34 3.09 9,461,952 570 | /cassini/index.htm
0.08 0.35 1,086,937 35 | /cassini/jpltruer.htm
0.08 0.13 387,121 35 | /cassini/kg9709tw.htm
0.17 0.85 2,612,456 73 | /cassini/mk9708so.htm
0.35 2.20 6,752,869 149 | /cassini/nltrs/index.htm
0.10 0.47 1,435,518 43 | /cassini/nltrs/nltr0135.htm
0.09 0.40 1,214,653 37 | /cassini/nltrs/nltr0140.htm
0.07 0.24 720,405 31 | /cassini/nltrs/nltr0141.htm
0.09 0.22 687,996 37 | /cassini/nltrs/nltr0142.htm
0.10 0.27 833,833 42 | /cassini/nltrs/nltr0143.htm
0.05 0.09 270,097 21 | /cassini/nltrs/nltr0144.htm
0.08 0.06 196,740 32 | /cassini/petition/cass1999.htm
0.05 0.12 364,066 20 | /cassini/petition/reso1999.htm
0.11 0.16 489,722 47 | /cassini/rh9710wa.htm
0.16 0.21 655,722 69 | /cassini/rh9806cr.htm


The editor wishes to humbly suggest the following web pages as among the most interesting at the web site:

The Stop Cassini web site table of contents page:

Stop Cassini newsletter index page:

Learn about The Effects of Nuclear War here:

What is the Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP)? Is nuclear war winnable?

Hug a tree! Read why it should matter to you what happens to the great Redwoods in California:

Why you need encryption: An interview with Phil Zimmerman: (This article is also available in Spanish)

Here is the editor's own personal home page:

(5) SPACE NEWS reports on Congressional Hearings on the Electromagnetic Pulse

According to SPACE NEWS, June 28th, 1999, page 17, in an article titled "Energy Pulses Called an Overlooked Threat", Representative Roscoe Bartlett (R- Md) chaired a hearing on the potential effects of electromagnetic pulses (EMPs) from nuclear weapons . The following is based on the Space News article:

"The danger to U. S. national security posed by EMPs far exceeds anything associated with the computer woes that are expected at the turn of the millennium, Bartlett said." He also stated, "Yet the EMP threat is virtually ignored by our government and is practically unknown to the general public."

Lowell Wood, a senior staff member at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Berkeley, California said in written testimony that "modern electronic equipment generally [is] more vulnerable than older systems. EMPs have virtually no effect on the human body." He also said that satellite ground stations "are exceedingly sensitive and they are among the ones which can be expected to die most readily from the effects of EMP on the ground." And he said that satellite survivability tests are no longer even being done!

Ronald Wiltsie, program manager of strategic systems at Johns Hopkins' Applied Physics Laboratory, said "such far-reaching effects are particular to the EMP. ... Neither natural phenomenon nor any other nuclear-weapon effects are so widespread." [He obviously wasn't thinking about the spread of radioactive fallout throughout the environment, which is a gradual thing but very widespread. -- rdh]

Gordon Soper, group vice president of Defense Group Inc., Alexandria Virginia (a consulting group) stated, "However remote, an EMP attack would result in unacceptable disruption to our commercial electronic infrastructure."

According to the Space News article, Representative Bartlett "intends to continue to raise public and political awareness of the EMP issue and its impact on the United States' Microelectronics-based society."

I hope any readers from Maryland who are represented by Roscoe Bartlett will ask him to allow our article about The Effects of Nuclear Weapons to be read into the Congressional Record, to show for historic purposes, that at least some Americans DO know the whole awful truth. The mass media may sweep the problem under the rug, so as not to alarm the public into trying to solve the problems it faces, but somewhere (on the Internet, mainly) the truth is known and the solution -- massive disarmament -- is obvious.

-- rdh

(6) Statements by the editor of this newsletter regarding the Makah whale hunt:

This letter caused quite a stir on the WALL (Witness Against Lawless Logging) email list earlier this month. (It was "off-topic" there too, of course.) I apologize in advance for anyone who finds it offensive. I am fighting something here that is very offensive, and words are my only weapons, and weapons must be strong to win. But they are the most difficult weapon of all to wield properly. What other weapon can fail in its effect simply because the target of the assault is ignorant of the meaning of the constituent parts of the assault? What other weapon can hurt other people than the target, simply because THEY (or others) misunderstand what is being said? I do my best, and apologize profusely for the rest. The whales suffer in silence. So I shout.


To: Makah Museum
Bayview Avenue, Highway 112
P.O. Box 160
Neah Bay, WA 98357
(360) 645 2711 (360) 645 2656 fax

From: Russell D. Hoffman
Re: Makah whale hunt -- please document the public's reaction (such as this) in your museum's historic record

Date: June 1st, 1999

To the Curator:

I think the Makah tribe deserves much shame as a group for what they have done.

In photos of the carcass-dragging, the blubber-cutting, etc., there were an awful lot of "oppressed" Makahs standing around watching the butchery, who clearly were NOT lifting a finger to protest their fellow tribesmen. (By the way, were there any woman in the boats enjoying the bloodfest? Or was it just bloodthirsty male savages enjoying the kill? Oh my God, was that ever NOT PC to say! But what should I call them? Bloodthirsty gentlemen in coattails sipping brandy by the fire as their slaves skin the foxes they shot in cold blood during the day's "sport hunt"? Those guys are savages too, alright? A savage is a savage, so please skip the lecture!)

We all should know the crucifixion of our fellow higher mammal from the deep had an ulterior motive, which local (and wonderful!) environmental writer Robert Nanninga of Encinitas, California described in an article in the North County Times. The hunt was allowed to go through because powerful outside forces helped the Makahs wade through the various laws, rules, and regulations.

They did this so that they can be next. Next either to hunt whales, or to exercise some other tribal option that reasonable people find abhorrent, and which is thus illegal under Federal guidelines. Foreign countries like Japan and Norway are painting their ships and loading ammo in order to put out to sea again, thanks to this "loophole" the Makahs have slipped through, with encouragement from many others with fiscal interests in the outcome, directly or indirectly.

That's why the whales were sacrificed. Not to feed a starving tradition of murder and brutal torture of God's fellow creatures. That hellish joy-ride in ye-olde open wooden vessel was just an excuse.

(And note also, the possible mortal mutilation of at least two other whales, one by a harpoon which was plunged in but which subsequently fell out when its buoy pulled it out as the whale dove for the deep in mortal desperation, and one by a large speedboat protesters were using to try to scare the whales away from the murderers. THAT incident was repeated on TV over and over, but the harpoon that fell out was reshown much less often. And did everyone see how the whales writhed in obvious pain? When Norway or Japan blows a fin off with a glancing shot, no one will be around to photograph the suffering and eventual death of the victim. "It was a fluke" they will say. Yes indeed, it was a fluke.)

Yes, the Makah's were hoodwinked by outside forces, encouraged, supported, funded. But they are still fully to blame and those Makah Tribespeople who did it, those who encouraged them, and those who let them (even amongst all of us) with feeble or no protest, have all shamed their tribe, all tribes, our species.

Note that I am absolutely certain that far more whales die each year from things all Americans have put their name to, than will die in a hundred years from Makah hunting, if it continues. Namely, we are responsible for the deaths of countless numbers of whales from United States Navy high-speed boat strikes, from "silent running" submarine strikes, from going too close to Government-approved radioactive and chemical sludge which was dumped in hundreds of places on the high seas (often supposedly past the continental shelf, but often even closer!) and from depletion of their food sources by removal of key links in the food chain. Whales are suffering all over the globe, day in and day out, and it is our fault.

To me, however, that doesn't excuse the Makah in the least.


Russell D. Hoffman
Peace Activist
Writer, speaker, animator, photographer Carlsbad CA


(7) What you can do today to stop the Cassini flyby of Earth:

To learn about the absurd excuses NASA used to launch Cassini in 1997, ask them for the 1995 Environmental Impact Statement for the Cassini mission. At the same time, be sure to ask them for ANY and ALL documentation available on future uses of plutonium in space, including MILITARY, CIVILIAN, or "OTHER" (just in case they make a new category somehow!). To get this information, contact:

Cassini Public Information
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena CA 91109
(818) 354-5011 or
(818) 354-6478

NASA states that they do not have the resources anymore to answer most emails they receive. Liars! They have $13 billion dollars to play with. They can answer the public's questions!

Here's NASA's "comments" email address:

Daniel Goldin is the head of NASA. Here's his email address: or

Here's the NASA URL to find additional addresses to submit written questions to:


Be sure to "cc" the president and VP and your senators and congresspeople, too.

Always include your full name and postal address in all correspondence to any Government official of any country.

(7) Subscription information

Thanks for reading! Welcome new subscribers!

Home page of our STOP CASSINI movement:

This newsletter is free and is not distributed for profit.
To subscribe, simply email the editor at and state:
Please include a personal message of any
length and subject matter. Thank you!

To unsubscribe email me and say

Published by Russell D. Hoffman electronically.
Written in U.S.A.
Please distribute these newsletters EVERYWHERE!
What you do NEXT matters MOST OF ALL!

Next issue (#146)
Previous issue (#144)



This article has been presented on the World Wide Web by:

The Animated Software Company
Mail to:
First placed online June 27th, 1999.
Last modified July 12th, 1999.
Webwiz: Russell D. Hoffman
Copyright (c) Russell D. Hoffman