Amorous Turkeys and Addicted Ducklings by Howard S. Hoffman
Amorous Turkeys and Addicted Ducklings
The Science of Social Bonding and Imprinting
By Howard S. Hoffman
Emeritus Professor of Psychology, Bryn Mawr College
Authors Cooperative Inc. Publishers
P.O. Box 99053
Boston Mass. 02199-0053
This book will be of special interest to persons who have
seen the movie FLY AWAY HOME. The movie, based on real
events, tells of how a young girl and her father raise a number of
abandoned goslings and then, using an ultralight airplane, lead
them on their initial migration flight south. In telling its
compelling story FLY AWAY HOME demonstrates the powerful and
lasting effects of the social bond generated by the behavioral
process called "IMPRINTING".
Wouldn't it be interesting to
understand how imprinting takes place and to discover the role
that imprinting has been found to play in our own lives? By
describing the high points of his 15 years of research into
imprinting (the work was continuously supported by THE NATIONAL
INSTITUTE OF HEALTH), Hoffman explains how imprinting works
and what this means for how we deal with our children and
with each other. He also provides the reader with a first
hand account of the real experience of doing research.
Under normal circumstances the first animate object that a
newly hatched gosling sees is its mother. Under some
circumstances, however, a bird may encounter a person or some
other animate object. When this happens the bird will, if
conditions are right, become bonded to, or imprinted on, that
person or object.
In Hoffman's research the subjects were newly hatched
ducklings rather than goslings and rather than imprinting his
birds on himself, he imprinted them on a plastic milk bottle
mounted over the engine of a toy electric train. He then taught
his ducklings to peck at a button in order to get to see the
bottle. His book: Amorous Turkeys and Addicted Ducklings provides
an account of what his ducklings did in the various experiments
that Hoffman and his students arranged for them.
the results of these experiments and relating them to the results
of studies in other laboratories, Hoffman makes it clear that the
imprinting process is not only basic to the lives of ducks and
geese, but that it operates in much the same fashion with many
other animals, including humans.
Learn all about Imprinting in these 18 enjoyable chapters:
- Foreword by Peter Beckman, Professor of Physics, Bryn Mawr College
- Chapter 1. Getting Started
- The Tale of the Amorous Turkeys. Extending the Domain of
Imprinting. Practical, Mundane Aspects of Research.
- Chapter 2. The Early Studies
- Imprinting and Reinforcement. Response Patterns.
- Chapter 3. Ducklings in Distress
- Measuring Distress Calls.
- Chapter 4. Response Contingencies in the Domain of Imprinting
- Emotional versus Manipulative Distress Calls. Imprinting
and Punishment. The Tale of the Acrobatic, Sneezing Rat.
- Chapter 5. A conference in England
- Chapter 6. Imprinting and Eating
- Socially Induced Eating.
- Chapter 7. A Critical Period for Imprinting?
- Critical Periods During Neurological Development. Some
Preparatory Work. Imprinting in Older Birds.
- Chapter 8. Imprinting and Learning
- A Learning Experiment. Imprinting to a Second Stimulus.
- Chapter 9. The Motivational Substrate for Imprinting
- Is There an "Intrinsic Need" for an Imprinting Stimulus?
Some Efforts at Theory Construction. A Test of Opponent Process
Theory. Some Related Pharmacological Studies.
- Chapter 10. A Mystery Finally Solved
- The Data. Implications for Primates and Humans.
- Chapter 11. Aversive Stimulation
- The Use of Nonhuman Subjects. The Basic Technique. Some
Findings and Their Implications.
- Chapter 12. Aggression and Imprinting
- A Drive for Aggression?
- Chapter 13. Social Interactions in the Context of Imprinting
- Chapter 14. A Conference in Holland
- Chapter 15. A Term at Cambridge
- Some Differences in Emphasis. Imprinting and the Nervous
- Chapter 16. Some Theoretical Comments
- Is Imprinting a Self-limiting process? Exposure Learning
versus Classical Conditioning.
- Chapter 17. Another Chance Encounter
- Chapter 18. A look to the Future
How to Order:
The Animated Software Company is now a Associate of
Amazon.com, so this and other fine books may be purchased
Amazon.com web page. You may also purchase this book from
Authors Cooperative Inc., listed above.
Not affiliated with the Producers of Fly Away Home, which is an
Movie Reviews At This Web Site:
Fly Away Home,
Rumble in the Bronx
Table of Contents
The Animated Software Company
First placed online September 29th, 1996.
Last modified Fall, 2003.
Webwiz: Russell D. Hoffman
Copyright (c) Russell D. Hoffman