STOP CASSINI Newsletter #214 -- October 23rd, 1999

Copyright (c) 1999

STOP CASSINI Newsletters Index


To: Subscribers, government officials, members of the press

From: Russell David Hoffman, Founder and Editor (scared like a fox)

Re: The Deadliest Gamble in History: STOP CASSINI #214

Date: October 23rd, 1999 -- 69 days before Y2K

This issue's subjects:


(1) The Deadliest Gamble in History:


The following ad ran in the New York Times yesterday:

----- INCOMING EMAIL FROM PAUL SWANN: -----

Date: Sat, 23 Oct 1999 13:16:12 +0000
To: y2k-nuclear@egroups.com
From: Paul Swann pswann@easynet.co.uk
Subject: Y2K AND THE WORLD'S NUCLEAR SYSTEMS: THE DEADLIEST GAMBLE IN HISTORY
Cc: uk-y2k-action@egroups.com, y2k-nukes@envirolink.org,
strategies@egroups.com, graffis-l@onelist.com
Reply-To: pswann@easynet.co.uk
__________________________________________

The New York Times, Friday October 22nd, 1999

Y2K AND THE WORLD'S NUCLEAR SYSTEMS:

THE DEADLIEST GAMBLE IN HISTORY

__________________________________________

The most critical Y2K crisis we face - its potential impact on the world's nuclear weapons and power plants - has been obscured by news media focusing only on the trivial and sensational. There has been a surprising lack of skepticism in reporting official reassurances that "the problem is being addressed" and the public won't be at risk on January 1, 2000. The net effect has been to lull nearly everyone into complacency.

It has also inhibited responsible scientists, politicians, and government officials who have credible and alarming concerns about Y2K. They haven't spoken out more forcefully because they fear ridicule and humiliation in the present media climate. But among their peers, in professional journals, and even in Congressional hearings, they raise grave questions about the profound - and unnecessary - risk we face.

Every historical and environmental disaster in the 20th century might well have been avoided, in retrospect, if people had acted differently at the critical moment when danger became clear. That moment is now.

_________________________________________

"Probably one out of five days I wake up in a cold sweat thinking [Y2K] is much bigger than we think, and then the other four days I think maybe we really are on top of it. Everything is so interconnected, it's hard to know with any precision whether we have got it fixed."

- U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense John Hamre

_________________________

Less than three months before Jan. 1, 2000, hundreds of thermonuclear missiles and atomic reactors remain vulnerable to "Y2K bugs." These bugs, the basic glitches that arise because many computers cannot tell the difference between the years 1900 and 2000, lurk among millions of embedded chips and software. When we enter the new millennium, many computer systems all over the world will undoubtedly fail, inducing chaos in some countries and minor dislocations in others.

The one industry that must not be allowed to fail is the nuclear industry. Yet no precautions now being taken in the world's nuclear arsenals and nuclear power plants are enough to prevent the possibility of catastrophe.

Y2K Risks in Nuclear Weapons

4400 nuclear weapons both in Russia and America are on hair trigger alert, ready to be "launched on warning" by a combination of possible inaccurate computer data compounded by the likelihood of human error. There is a very real danger that Y2K will multiply the false hostile launch reports which have in the past brought both Russian and U.S. forces within minutes of launching before the mistake is discovered.

Russia has only recently acknowledged that its military systems have Y2K problems, and its deteriorating economic condition woefully limits any meaningful fix. Many of Russia's nuclear weapons computer systems were stolen from the U.S. The Pentagon's efforts to find their own problems are behind schedule. The reassurances we've received to date are unacceptable, because the Pentagon - which has the largest and most complicated interfacing computer systems in the world - has not been open and honest about its Y2K problems.

A recent decision by the U.S. and Russia to establish a joint early warning room does not obviate the potentially dangerous situation inherent in the hardware, software and embedded chips in both countries' early warning systems. It is a palliative measure, but not a cure.

The only sure way to prevent the mistaken launch of nuclear missiles is to de-alert the nuclear warheads, disabling the weapons systems.

Currently, all other nuclear weapons states are in de-alert status, guaranteeing that these weapons cannot be launched by computer or human error.

Y2K Risks in Nuclear Power Plants

We are also gambling with our nuclear power systems. 433 nuclear power plants worldwide are at risk - 103 in the U.S. alone. France, the nation most heavily dependent on nuclear plants, is so uncertain of its nuclear safety that it plans to shut down all its nuclear facilities except the nuclear power plants during the week of January 1, 2000.

While Y2K can pose a danger to routine reactor control systems, the major risk involves a power blackout engulfing the plant, failure of back-up generating systems, loss of cooling, and meltdown - the consequences of which, within the space of one or two hours, could match the Chernobyl disaster.

Compared to Y2K's military risks, it seems relatively straightforward to ensure that reliable reactor emergency cooling systems are ready for Y2K blackouts. Thirty-five U.S. nuclear power plants are not yet in compliance less than three months before Jan. 1, 2000. The Y2K status of hundreds of other power and research reactors around the world are unknown.

There is still time. There are still solutions.

If the computer systems which now restrain nuclear technology cannot be relied on to perform within acceptable parameters during the Y2K period - then people must intervene. Less than three months before Y2K we face a frightening vacuum in political leadership. The rest of us must act. President Clinton and other leaders will take action only if you do.

CALL, FAX AND EMAIL PRESIDENT CLINTON DEMANDING THAT HE:

1. Negotiate an agreement with President Yeltsin that all 2400 U.S. and 2000 Russian nuclear weapons on hair-trigger alert be "de-alerted" before January 1, 2000.

2. Mobilize the deployment of the required number of reliable emergency back up electrical generators at every nuclear reactor in the world.

Telephone: (202) 456-1414

Fax: (202) 456-2461

Email: president@whitehouse.gov

__________________________________________

This emergency statement, based on the latest reports concerning Y2K and the nuclear sector, is endorsed by the following concerned experts and citizens. Among them are eminent physicists who played key roles in the earliest development of nuclear weapons systems.

Sir Joseph Rotblat
Nobel Peace Laureate

Philip Morrison
Physicist, Institute Professor (Emeritus), MIT

George M. Woodwell
Biologist, Director, The Woods Hole Research Center

Ted Taylor
Nuclear Physicist - Los Alamos Labs 1949-1957,
Staff Member, Theoretical division responsible for design of new nuclear weapons

Ira Helfand
MD, Co-Founder and Past President - Physicians for Social Responsibility

Mary Olson
Nuclear Waste Specialist - Nuclear Information and Resource Service

Helen Caldicott, MD
Founding President - Physicians for Social Responsibility,
Founder - Women's Action for Nuclear Disarmament

Ian Prior, MD
Wellington Medical School, New Zealand,
Past Secretary, International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

Barry S. Levy, MD, MPH
Adjunct Professor of Community Health, Tufts University School of Medicine

James Riccio
Staff Attorney - Public Citizen's Critical Mass

Patch Adams, MD

(Affiliations for identification only)

_________________________________________

For further updated information and analysis, go to the following websites:

http://www.y2kwash.org

http://www.basicint.org

http://www.trendmonitor.com/y2kad.htm

For inquiries email hcaldic@ibm.net or write:
Dr. Helen Caldicott, Y2K Nuclear Alert Campaign, 466 Green Street,
Suite 300, San Francisco CA 94133.

_________________________________________

The November edition of 'The Ecologist' magazine will focus exclusively on the legacy of nuclear energy - arguably the most poisonous industry in human history. For your copy, send a check or postal order for $6 to:

The Ecologist
1920 Martin Luther King Jr Way
Berkeley
CA 94709
USA

UK (4) and Europe (5) orders to:

The Ecologist
Unit 18
Chelsea Wharf
15 Lots Road
London SW10 0QJ
UK


The special edition will be displayed in full by mid-November at:
http://www.gn.apc.org/ecologist

We encourage you to reproduce and distribute this ad.

_________________________________

----- END OF INCOMING EMAIL FROM PAUL SWANN -----

We hope everyone will pass this message on to others. -- rdh


(2) Elevated levels of Strontium-90 found in baby teeth from around nuke plants:


This is a long-awaited study by Dr. Ernest Sternglass and others:

----- REPORT ON BABY TEETH seen at: http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm?newsid=4304 -----

USA: October 22, 1999

NEW YORK - Higher-than-expected levels of a man-made, cancer-causing element first introduced as a by-product of nuclear bomb tests have been found in baby teeth collected near nuclear power plants in three states, U.S. researchers said yesterday.

Directors of the non-profit Radiation and Public Health Project (RPHP) said at a news conference that levels of the element, radioisotope Strontium (Sr-90), should have dropped to almost zero once all global aboveground nuclear bomb testing ended in 1980.

Most of the 515 teeth analyzed were from the 1979-1992 period and had similar concentrations of Strontium-90 as those found in children in the mid-1950s when the U.S. and the Soviet Union were still doing atmospheric nuclear bomb tests, according to initial findings of a RPHP study.

"There is cancer-causing Strontium-90 in children's teeth. It shouldn't be there," Dr Ernest Sternglass, Professor Emeritus of Radiological Physics at the University of Pittsburgh said in releasing the initial findings of independent laboratory analysis conducted on 515 baby teeth from New York, New Jersey and Florida.

RPHP said the chemical structure of Strontium-90 is similar to calcium and the body is deceived by it and deposits Sr-90 in bones and teeth where it remains, emitting cancer-causing radiation.

RPHP directors attributed some of the radioactivity to accidents such as the Three Mile Island reactor in Pennsylvania in 1979 and the Chernobyl reactor disaster in 1986. They said state and federal records showed a large amount of airborne emissions in the early 1980s from four nuclear reactors located near Suffolk County, New York.

"If it is not underground testing or aboveground testing, clearly the prime suspects are nuclear reactors or nuclear reactor accidents," Sternglass said. "The world has become too small for nuclear accidents to affect only the 10-mile zone of evacuation."

RPHP is calling for a national study by the U.S. government. It said a private foundation is supporting RPHP's plans to collect and analyze 5,000 baby teeth from across the country in "nuclear" and "non-nuclear" counties.

The teeth for the RPHP study were collected as part of the "Tooth Fairy Project," an appeal to parents by actor Alec Baldwin to send in baby teeth they put under their children's pillows for the "Tooth Fairy" after they fell out. Baldwin, a resident of Suffolk County on Long Island where RPHP focused part of its study, said he sent out 15,000 letters to parents in February 1999.

"The initial findings are disturbing," Baldwin said at the news conference. He added that "the same results (as in the mid-50s) should merit the same level of concern."

Strontium-90 was linked to childhood cancer during the 1950s, causing health concerns that led to President John F. Kennedy signing the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty with the Soviet Union in 1963 banning nuclear tests in the atmosphere, in outer space and under water. France and China continued aboveground testing until 1980.

REUTERS NEWS SERVICE

----- END OF REPORT ON BABY TEETH -----


(3) HOPE!: Trident2 Condemned in Scotland! PLOUGHSHARES THREE TO BE ACQUITTED (part 1):


These next two items show that this battle can be won in the courts as well as in people's hearts. The message from Francis A. Boyle ("fab") is unclear to this editor, and there are some odd typos in the text ( "+IBk-s", "+ICY-.") which I have left in, not knowing what exactly to replace them with or what they are about. But still, anyone currently facing court action for anti-nuke protests should be plenty heartened by this item, as should anyone who thinks that sooner or later, these nuclear monstrosities MUST be stopped! -- rdh

----- INCOMING MESSAGE FORWARDED BY BILL SMIRNOW -----

From: smirnowb@ix.netcom.com
Date: Wed, 20 Oct 1999 22:25:43 -0400 (EDT)
To: worldwatch@igc.apc.org
To: radio@thenation.com
To: lschuster@upi.com
Subject: HOPE!: Trident2 Condemned in Scotland! PLOUGHSHARES THREE TO BE ACQUITTED

Date: Wed, 20 Oct 1999 13:37:01 -0500
Reply-To: FBOYLE@LAW.UIUC.EDU
Sender: owner-nukenet@envirolink.org

With the rejection of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty by the United States Government, the Clinton administration's expressed intention to gut the Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems Treaty, and the military coup in the nuclear-armed Pakistan, there is now some hope for our children. fab

Trident Ploughshares

Press Briefing
20th October 1999

PLOUGHSHARES THREE TO BE ACQUITTED
Trident Illegal Says Sheriff

Today, Wednesday 20th October, Sheriff Margaret Gimblett has decided to instruct the jury at Greenock Sheriff Court to acquit Angie Zelter, Ulla Roder and Ellen Moxley on the charge against them of damaging a Trident facility in Loch Goil in June this year.

In her remarks the Sheriff effectively said that British nuclear weapons were illegal. The defence had submitted that it had been established that there had been no malice in the women+IBk-s action. They had been acting to prevent a crime under international law and so had reasonable excuse. The Sheriff should acquit the women.

Sheriff Gimblett said: I have to conclude that the three accused in company with others were justified in thinking that Great Britain in their use of Trident, not simply possession, the use and deployment of Trident allied with that use and deployment at times of great unrest, coupled with a first strike policy and in the absence of any indication from any government official then or now that such use fell into any strict category suggested in the International Court of Justice opinion, the threat or use of Trident could be construed as a threat, has indeed been construed by others as a threat and as such is an infringement of international and customary law+ICY-.. The three took the view
if it was illegal and,
given the horrendous nature of nuclear weapons they had the obligation in terms of international law to do whatever they could to stop the deployment and use of nuclear weapons in situations which could be construed as a threat. .. I have heard nothing which would make it seem to me that the accused acted with criminal intent. .. Therefore I intend to instruct the jury that they should acquit all three accused on charges 1 to 3 .. and the first part of charge 4.

The court has been adjourned till tomorrow to allow the consideration of the second part of charge 4 and for the jury to be instructed.

Contacts and Sources of Information: Greenock Office 01475 785893
(mobiles:07775711054 or 0378267833)
At other times : David Mackenzie 01324880744 (07775711054)
: Jane Tallents 01436 679194
COMPREHENSIVE PRESS PACK AVAILABLE ENDS

------End forward message---------------------------

----- END OF INCOMING MESSAGE FORWARDED BY BILL SMIRNOW -----


(4) HOPE!: Trident2 Condemned in Scotland! PLOUGHSHARES THREE TO BE ACQUITTED (part 2):


Hooray for Sheriff Margaret Gimblett, who made history Thursday, bursting a nuclear bubble of legal immunity! -- rdh

----- INCOMING MESSAGE FORWARDED BY BILL SMIRNOW -----

From: smirnowb@ix.netcom.com
Date: Fri, 22 Oct 1999 15:41:02 -0400 (EDT)
To: worldwatch@igc.apc.org
To: radio@thenation.com
Subject: INTERNATIONAL LAW UPHELD, NUCLEAR WEAPONS DESTRUCTION LEGAL & UPHELD IN UK COURT

------Begin forward message-------------------------
From: "IrishPat" IrishPat@bannerheather.freeserve.co.uk
To: plowshares@onelist.com
Date: Fri, 22 Oct 1999 19:54:54 +0100

From: "IrishPat"

Trident defences judged illegal

GAVIN MADELEY

A SHERIFF yesterday made legal history and caused a political storm after ruling that the Government's deployment of nuclear weapons was illegal under international law.

Sheriff Margaret Gimblett cleared three CND protesters who caused 80,000 worth of damage to a Trident nuclear research barge after deciding there was no evidence that they had acted with criminal intent.

A jury at Greenock Sheriff Court was ordered to acquit the women on three charges of maliciously damaging the barge and laboratory equipment at Faslane Naval Base near Lochgoilhead, Argyll, after Sheriff Gimblett ruled they had a right to "disarm" the base.

It is the first time a country's law courts have declared its nuclear defence system illegal, and the political fall-out from Sheriff Gimblett's decision will be felt by other nuclear powers.

Angela Zelter, 48, Ellen Moxley, 45, and 45-year-old Danish national Bodil Ulla Roder, walked free to cheers and applause at the end of a four-and-a-half week trial, estimated to have cost more than 100,000.

They had been held on remand at Cornton Vale Women's Prison since their arrest by Ministry of Defence police at the nuclear base on June 8 after boarding the barge, called Maytime, stealing two inflatable liferafts, and throwing laboratory equipment overboard.

However, Sheriff Gimblett said she had accepted the argument put forward by defence advocate John Mayer, who said Trident was illegal under international law and the women were acting simply to prevent a crime.

Mr Mayer said a ruling by the International Court of Justice in 1996 made Trident and all nuclear weapons illegal, which meant the women had basically committed a crime but were acting to prevent other crimes taking place and so, in Scots law, should be acquitted.

In her judgment, Sheriff Gimblett said: "The three took the view that (Trident) was illegal and, given the horrendous nature of nuclear weapons, that they had an obligation in terms of international law to do whatever they could to stop the deployment and use of nuclear weapons in situations construed as a threat."

She concluded: "I have heard nothing which would make it seem to me that the accused acted with criminal intent."

But addressing the women after the jury had delivered a formal verdict, the sheriff warned them not to regard this as meaning they would be able to carry out such actions recklessly.

She continued: "Yesterday I made it clear that the courts do not allow crimes to be committed to prevent other crimes except in very special circumstances.

"There were such circumstances in this particular case and the same circumstances may not apply to anyone who carries out actions similar to those carried out at Maytime in June.

"You do so at your peril - be very careful."

After the verdict, Ms Zelter, a member of anti-nuclear activist group Trident Ploughshares 2000, called for a full independent inquiry into the legality of Britain's nuclear deterrent.

She said: "Nuclear weapons have always been perceived as unlawful. Although the defence policy is official, it is not legal.

"For the last 50 years, the British government and judiciary have refused to look at the legal facts. They have basically said if it is official, it must be lawful.

"This is the first time we have been allowed to bring in witnesses to fully discuss the issues."

The group also pledged to continue its actions to "disarm" the Trident missile system with direct action against it.

Ms Zelter, who was among four women protesters who walked free two years ago after an attack on a British Aerospace Hawk jet, after claiming it would be used to suppress civilians in East Timor, went on: "Britain is breaking international law at this very moment. This is a people's disarmament movement."

The three activists said they would not continue the direct action themselves, but would support others who did so.

Ms Zelter claimed Trident Ploughshares had more than 140 pledges of support, each representing a person willing to take direct action.

Rejecting suggestions the trial had been a waste of money, Ms Zelter went on: "That is farcical considering the huge amount of money the nuclear arms race has cost the world."

The women told how they had used a leaky inflatable boat to get on to the barge.

They said they had spent five months planning the action and had expected to be quickly intercepted by security at the highly-guarded nuclear base, but had time to have a picnic before being arrested.

Ms Moxley, of Dollar, Clackmannanshire, told the jury: "It felt like getting rid of an incinerator from Auschwitz."

Armed only with a hammer and screwdriver, the three women opened a window, climbed in and started to throw computer and electronic equipment overboard.

Ms Moxley went on:"We knew the DERA (Defence Evaluation and Research Agency) facility was just 500 yards away. We gave ourselves 10 minutes and got three-and-a-half hours. The police pretended not to be embarrassed, but I'm sure they must have been."

Tory politicians later led calls for Government action following the acquittals. Shadow Defence Secretary Iain Duncan Smith called for a full statement from the Government.

"The judgment is quite absurd. What these women have done is immensely dangerous. In damaging our nuclear deterrent, they do nothing but help other regimes who have the intention of harming the citizens of the UK.

"If this judgment stands, then this creates massive problems for those who have been tasked with the security of our nuclear deterrent.

"Given that, we call on the Secretary of State for Defence to make a full statement on this matter as this is a United Kingdom issue, not solely a Scottish issue."

The Ministry of Defence declined to comment on the ruling until it had studied the sheriff's remarks.

But the Crown Office immediately announced the Lord Advocate Lord Hardie was considering applying for a High Court review of the sheriff's decision and ordered a report to be prepared by the procurator-fiscal at Dunoon.

However, a spokesman stressed: "If the High Court were to rule that the sheriff was wrong, that would set a precedent for future cases, but will have no impact on this case."

First Minister Donald Dewar said later: "The Lord Advocate is the responsible Minister. It is the Lord Advocate's business and it would be wrong for me, I think, to comment on the merits or the substance."

Dorothy-Grace Elder, who is MSP for the Glasgow region and founder of the cross-party CND group in the Parliament, said Sheriff Gimblett's verdict had "stunning international significance", adding: "World history has been made at Greenock Sheriff Court."

She pledged to put a question before MSPs asking about the legality of Trident, although the Scottish Parliament has no power to ban Trident as defence policy is made in Westminster.

"This is a huge blow to Labour and their Trident-based defence policy. Trident is a product of the Cold War, and has no place in Scotland, or indeed anywhere else in the UK, as we approach the millennium.

Scottish CND joint secretary John Ainslie said Sheriff Gimblett's decision had "banned the bomb", adding: "It has put the whole force of Scottish law behind CND's campaign to scrap Trident." - Oct 22

Leader

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Welcome to plowshares@onelist.com. This is a mailinglist for international discussions about the Plowshares movement and relevant issues concerning it like civil disobedience and nonviolence. Read about the Plowshares movement at, for example,
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Ground rules: Please be respectful of other's opinions. Personal insults are not acceptable. The mailinglist is open for everyone who follow the ground rules. The listmanagers (Hans Leander and Rolf Lindahl) reserves the right to exclude anyone who do not follow the ground rules.

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------End forward message---------------------------

----- END OF INCOMING MESSAGE FORWARDED BY BILL SMIRNOW -----


(5) The silly reason we have to do all this is a little document called...:


The little statement contained in this item is one of the main reasons we are now facing a Y2K-related crises, and it is why we face a potential nuclear crises every day.

Between today and New Year's, there are still over 80 "operating years" of activity at the commercial nuclear power plants. There are hundreds more years of activity in all the military reactors around the world. And then there are the dangers from spent fuel pools, waste dumps, uranium mine tailings, the destroyed democracy from the nuclear threat, the destroyed economies, and not to mention, the millions of deaths that have already occurred.

NOW is the time to stop the entire industry dead in its tracks, before it stops us dead in ours. The nukes must be turned off not just for Y2K, but FOREVER! The nuclear weapons must be dismantled. There will be plenty of nuclear engineer careers to fill, so no jobs are threatened. Hanford and a thousand other nuclear waste sites all need new and skilled management. People working at nuclear power plants now are the perfect candidates for these jobs.

NOW is the time to save the planet!

70 days before Y2K is more than enough time for the world to decide to cast out the "demon hot atom" forever!

-- rdh

----- INCOMING EMAIL FROM BILL SMIRNOW: -----

Date: Sat, 23 Oct 1999 00:06:19 -0400 (EDT)
From: smirnowb@ix.netcom.com
To: y2k-nuclear@egroups.com
To: worldwatch@igc.apc.org
To: Ben.pearson@ams.greenpeace.org
Subject: [y2k-nuclear] NRC Mandated By Federal Law To Support Nuke Industry As Premier Obligation

Dear Friends,

This was sent to me by a friend who wishes to remain anonymous. Maybe this is an avenue we in the USA can attempt to publicize and lobby on. Possibly the situation is the same or similar in other countries with nuclear power- it might be worth checking on. The alleged regulators, by mandate, are PROMOTERS of the nuclear industry. In print, in black and white the Atomic Energy Act COMPELLS such promotion. Now whenever the issued of alleged regulation on the part of NRC comes out we can immediately point to the fact THAT THIS IS A TOTAL LIE AND ALWAYS HAS BEEN!

People wanting to awaken their representatives and Senators can do so by calling all 3 of them at: 202-224-3121. Face to face meetings always carry more clout than do calls or letters. Calls and letters to ocal newspapers, TV, and radio stations are important, too. This should be and can be made known to EVERYONE.

We need to keep in mind that the NRC is still, by federal law, directed to be supportive of the nuclear industry as its premier obligation. See the Atomic Energy Act, Chapter I, Section 1. Declaration. 42 U.S.C. sec. 2011.

Unchanged since enactment of the AEA in 1954, it states, in total:

" Atomic energy is capable of application for peaceful as well
as military purposes. It is therefore declared to be the policy
of the United States that --

"a. the development, use, and control of atomic energy
shall be directed so as to make the maximum contribution
to the general welfare,[*] subject at all times to the
paramount objective of making the maximum contribution
to the common defense and security; and

"b. the development, use, and control of atomic energy
shall be directed so as to promote world peace, improve
the general welfare, increase the standard of living,
and strengthen free competition in private enterprise."

[* The term "general welfare" is not defined. The first mention of
protection of health and safety of the public in the Act is found
at Section 2.d. Findings: -- and there, it is stated as equal to
providing for the national interest and the common defense and security.]

For more than ten years, I've been trying, to no avail, to persuade fellow nuclear critics that this Congressional charge to the agencies that engage in and regulate the production and utilization of nuclear energy is a significant roadblock to our achieving truly protective regulation of the public health and safety, not to mention protection of the environment -- or, for that matter, passage of the CTBT.

On the other hand, at Maine Yankee, recently shut down and now entering the decommissioning process, one staunch environmentalist is making some headway with management in obtaining commitment to a clean-up standard that is more restrictive than either NRC's or EPA's decommissioning criteria. Perhaps, with deregulation and restructuring of the utility industry, the CEOs may be changing their intransigence. Then, again, I think of PECO and Unicom (CommEd)....

-Bill Smirnow & [mostly] Anonymous Friend

----- END OF INCOMING EMAIL FROM BILL SMIRNOW -----


(6) United States Government official contact points:


NASA needs to be told in no uncertain terms they have lied too often to the public and we want a SEA CHANGE away from their nuclear policies!

To learn about the absurd excuses NASA used to launch Cassini and its 72.3 pounds of plutonium in 1997, ask them for the 1995 Environmental Impact Statement for the Cassini mission, and all subsequent documentation. At the same time, be sure to ask them for ANY and ALL documentation available on future uses of plutonium in space, including MILITARY, CIVILIAN, or "OTHER" (just in case they make a new category somehow!). To get this information, contact:

Cassini Public Information
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena CA 91109
(818) 354-5011 or
(818) 354-6478

Here's NASA's "comments" email address: comments@www.hq.nasa.gov

Daniel Goldin is the head of NASA. Here's his email address:
daniel.goldin@hq.nasa.gov
or
dgoldin@mail.hq.nasa.gov

Here's the NASA URL to find additional addresses to submit written questions to:

http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/facts/HTML/FS-002-HQ.html

YOU HAVE A RIGHT TO KNOW WHAT NASA IS DOING TO YOUR HEALTH.

NASA should never have been allowed to launch monstrosities like Cassini and Galileo (which recently suffered a nine-hour "lost in space" anomoly (NASA calls it "safe mode" which is the opposite of what it really is) just before it did a flyby of Io), but the next breed -- such as Europa Orbiter and Pluto-Kuiper Express are not much better and the policy is being set for greatly increased rates of missions! The danger continues! To complain to NASA about their future nuclear space probes, here are two addresses you can use:

For Europa Orbiter:
Europa Orbiter comments" osseuropa@hq.nasa.gov

For Pluto-Kuiper Express:
"Pluto-Kuiper Express comments" osspluto@hq.nasa.gov

Be sure to "cc" the president and VP and your senators and congresspeople, too.

President Bill Clinton
White House, 1600 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W.,
Washington, D.C. 20500
Phone -- (202) 456-1111
Fax -- (202) 456-2461
e-mail -- president@whitehouse.gov

Vice President Albert Gore
White House, 1600 Pennsylvania Ave.,
N.W.,Washington, D.C. 20500
Phone -- (202) 456-1414
Fax -- (202) 456-2461
e-mail -- vicepresident@whitehouse.gov

Secretary William Cohen
1000 Defense
The Pentagon
Washington D.C. 20301
Phone -- (703) 695-6352

Secretary Bill Richardson
Department of Energy (DoE)
1000 Independence Avenue SW
Washington D.C. 20585
Phone -- (202) 586-6210
fax -- (202) 586-4403

Always include your full name and postal address in all correspondence to any Government official of any country, because otherwise they will throw it out unread, or hand it directly to their police force to try to identify the author. (Thus, nothing good will come of it.) Also, ALWAYS include a personal message of some sort, indicating YOUR OWN VIEWS, even if you include a lot of material written by other people (me, for instance).


(7) Subscription information:


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(8) Authorship notes and associated links:


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Many of the issues presented by Russell Hoffman in this letter are based on conversations with Dr. John W. Gofman (who isolated the first working quantities of plutonium), the late Dr. Karl Z. Morgan (who was known as the "father of health physics"), Dr. Ernest Sternglass (who has done statistical studies about LLR), Dr. Jay Gould (ditto), Dr. Horst Poehler, Dr. Helen Caldicott, Dr. Ross Wilcock and dozens of activists, as well as many others on both sides of the nuclear debates, including ex military nuke expert Jack Shannon (responsible for the design of the D2G Navy reactor, the most widely used reactor in the U. S. navy), award-winning investigative reporter Karl Grossman, ecologist and human rights advocate Pamela Blockey-O'Brien, etc. Also, I've read a few dozen books on the various subjects. And scads of government documents purporting to explain how something so dangerous can be safe. Professionally, my pump training software is used throughout the pump industry and even in some nuclear power plants around the world to train their staff about mechanical pumps. Any errors herein are regrettably my own, but I believe it would take an extremely unlikely preponderance of errors to invalidate my basic position on these issues.

*************************************************************
Russell D. Hoffman, Carlsbad, California, Peace Activist, Environmentalist, High Tech Guru:
http://www.animatedsoftware.com/whoisrdh.htm

Hoffman's Y2K Preparedness Information:
http://www.animatedsoftware.com/environm/no_nukes/y2k/index.htm

Learn about The Effects of Nuclear War here:
http://www.animatedsoftware.com/environm/no_nukes/tenw/nuke_war.htm

************************************************************
** THE ANIMATED SOFTWARE COMPANY
** Russell D. Hoffman, Owner and Chief Programmer
** Carlsbad CA
** Visit the world's most eclectic web site:
** http://www.animatedsoftware.com
************************************************************

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This article has been presented on the World Wide Web by:

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Mail to: rhoffman@animatedsoftware.com
First placed online October 23rd, 1999.
Last modified October 24th, 1999.
Webwiz: Russell D. Hoffman
Copyright (c) Russell D. Hoffman