Volute Pump (from Internet Glossary of Pumps)
Volute Pump

A volute is a curved funnel increasing in area to the discharge port. It is often used with impeller pumps. As the area of the cross-section increases, the volute reduces the speed of the liquid and increases the pressure of the liquid.

One of the main purposes of a volute casing is to help balance the hydraulic pressure on the shaft of the pump. However, this occurs best at the manufacturer's recommended capacity. Running volute-style pumps at a lower capacity than the manufacturer recommends can put lateral stress on the shaft of the pump, increasing wear-and-tear on the seals and bearings, and on the shaft itself.

This cutaway of a 'high-end' magnetic drive pump shows the volute wrapping around the impeller at the top and bottom. The ring to the left of the upper part of the volute is for lifting the pump and is located at the balance point.

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Last modified February, 2002
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