By having only two vanes, the risk of clogging
from foreign matter in the fluid being pumped is reduced over a pump with more
vanes. (For even messier fluids a single vane can be used.)
This type of pump
might be used for pumping sludge or other contaminated liquids. It is also common
for moving liquid paper stock.
All of the head in an impeller type pump is
created by the impeller itself. The rest of the parts induce losses to the maximum
Losses are induced by friction of the fluid against the sides of the
parts, by mechanical friction of the pump shaft, and from hydraulic efficiency
losses such as fluid eddies and changes in direction (which takes energy).